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#Kristallnacht: Night of the broken glass – The #Novemberpogroms

On this day, November 9, the night of broken glass (Kristallnacht) took place. 9 November 1938, the ‘Kristallnacht’ pogrom was the first step towards the extermination of the Jewish Europeans by the nazis. In the German speaking territory people speak about “Novemberpogroms”. The reason is that people think it’s important to focus on the dehumanization and the persecution, instead of pieces of glass. And they have a point there.

Originally published by Day Against Fascism.

Note: Enough is Enough is not organizing any of these events, we are publishing this text for people across the US and Europe to be able to see what is going on and for documentation only.

SA Storm Troopers and civilians destroyed more than 8000 Jewish homes and shops, set synagogues on fire, imprisoned, injured and killed Jews all across the country. Pieces of broken windows covering the streets in many German cities gave rise to the name ‘Kristallnacht’ which freely translated means the Night of Broken Glass. [But as we wrote in the introduction, November pogroms is a better term, EIE)

Today this pogrom is seen as the symbolic beginning of the Holocaust, the systematic eradication of Jewish people which started with the discrimination and exclusion of the German Jews since 1933 and which eventually led to the murder of 6 million Jewish people and 5,5 million ‘enemies of the German state’: homosexuals, criminals and ‘asocial’ people, members of diverse religious communities, people with mental disabilities, political ‘offenders’ such as communists and socialists, Spanish republican refugees and minorities like Roma and Sinti and others. The ‘Kristallnacht’ reminds us that such terrible things did not start with deportations and concentration camps, but were developed step by step. Nazi propaganda and hate speech against Jews and laws depriving Jewish citizens of their rights (the ‘Nuremberg Laws’ i.a. stripped German Jews of their citizenship) were the first steps, eventually culminating in violence and pogroms.

Interior_view_of_the_destroyed_Fasanenstrasse_Synagogue_Berlin
The interior of the Fasanenstrasse Synagogue in Berlin after it was destroyed during the November pogroms

Read also: Call for global action days: For a world without pogroms, for a future without fascism and 9 November International Day Against Fascism and Antisemitism


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